Health Effects of New “Heat-Not-Burn” Cigarettes Still Unknown

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The health effects of new products known as “heat-not-burn” cigarettes are still unknown, researchers caution in a new study. The devices mix the electronics behind e-cigarettes with the tobacco-burning properties of regular cigarettes, according to HealthDay . The devices warm up tobacco to about 500 degrees Fahrenheit, producing an inhalable aerosol. Heat-not-burn cigarettes are not approved for sale in the United States. An application for approval was filed with the Food and Drug Administration late last year. Researchers looked at Google searches about the devices in Japan, where they are available. They found that searches about the devices surged by more than 1,400 percent in 2015, when they were first released in Japan. Searches increased almost 3,000 percent between 2015 and 2017. There are as many as 7.5 million Google searches a month about heat-not-burn devices in Japan, the researchers report in PLOS One. “We don’t know enough about the...
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CDC Report Evaluates Effective Smoking Cessation Methods

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Many smokers become addicted to nicotine, a drug that is naturally found in tobacco. More people in the United States are addicted to nicotine than to any other drug – according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), nicotine may be as addictive as heroin, cocaine, or alcohol. Quitting smoking is difficult and oftentimes requires several attempts. People who stop smoking often revert back to smoking because of withdrawal symptoms such as feeling irritable, angry or anxious, having trouble thinking, craving tobacco products, feeling hungrier than usual. Federal health regulators continue to de-emphasize electronic cigarettes and vaporizers as smoking-cessation options, even as they acknowledge increased use of the product. The CDC released a 26-month survey of 15,943 adult cigarette smokers, published in the journal Preventing Chronic Disease, analyzing the most population smoking cessation techniques. The study determined that 74.7 percent of survey participants used multiple methods during their...
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New Study Sheds Light on Perceptions of E-Cigs

New Study Sheds Light on Perceptions of E-Cigs
Daily users of e-cigarettes see them as about as satisfying or even more satisfying, and less harmful, than cigarettes, according to the results of a small study from the University at Buffalo. The study of 105 U.S. Army Reserve and National Guard soldiers and their partners found that those study participants who vape daily reported e-cigarettes as "at least as satisfying" as cigarettes, and that 58 percent said vaping was "much more" satisfying. According to ScienceDaily , researchers also reported that the perception of danger from e-cigarettes decreased as frequency of use increased. The paper was published online first in the journal Preventive Medicine Reports. In their paper, the researchers note that the findings regarding e-cigarette satisfaction are important because of policies that have been implemented based on the belief that e-cigarettes are fundamentally lacking in satisfaction compared to cigarettes. The concern that vaping acts as a "gateway" to cigarettes...
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President Believes Marijuana Should Be Treated Like ‘Cigarettes or Alcohol’

President Believes Marijuana Should Be Treated Like ‘Cigarettes or Alcohol’
In recent interview in Rolling Stone magazine, President Obama said that marijuana use should be treated as a public-health issue similar to tobacco or alcohol and called the current patchwork of state and federal laws regarding the drug “untenable.” In the Rolling Stone interview published this week, Obama also reiterated his long-standing position that changing federal marijuana laws is not something the president can do unilaterally. “Typically how these classifications are changed are not done by presidential edict,” he said, “but are done either legislatively or through the DEA. As you might imagine, the DEA, whose job it is historically to enforce drug laws, is not always going to be on the cutting edge about these issues.” The Drug Enforcement Administration recently turned down a petition to lessen federal restrictions on marijuana, citing the drug's lack of “accepted medical use” and its “high potential for abuse.” Congress could resolve the...
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73 Percent of Teens Think E-Cigarettes are Less Harmful Than Cigarettes

73 Percent of Teens Think E-Cigarettes are Less Harmful Than Cigarettes
A new survey finds 73 percent of U.S. teens think e-cigarettes are less harmful than regular cigarettes. The researchers say teens who use e-cigarettes are more likely, than those who do not, to go on to use traditional cigarettes, HealthDay reports. The survey, published in the journal Pediatrics, found 47 percent of teens believe e-cigarettes are less addictive than cigarettes. “Concern exists that e-cigarettes are re-normalizing smoking,” said Dr. Stephen Amrock, from the department of medicine at Oregon Health and Science University in Portland. “Children and parents need to understand that these products contain nicotine and are potentially harmful, both now and because they have been linked to later cigarette use.”
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Smokers Who Have to Walk Farther to Buy Cigarettes More Likely to Quit

Smokers Who Have to Walk Farther to Buy Cigarettes More Likely to Quit
Smokers who have to walk farther to buy cigarettes are more likely to quit, a new study suggests. Researchers found that for every one-third of a mile smokers had to walk to the nearest tobacco outlet, there was a 20 to 60 percent increase in the odds they would stop smoking. The study included data from almost 21,000 current and former smokers in Finland, HealthDay reports. The findings are published in JAMA Internal Medicine . The distance that former smokers lived from the nearest tobacco outlet had no impact on whether they started smoking again, the study found.
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Many Smokers Find E-Cigarettes Less Satisfying Than Regular Cigarettes

Many Smokers Find E-Cigarettes Less Satisfying Than Regular Cigarettes
A new study concludes many smokers who try e-cigarettes find them less satisfying than regular cigarettes. The researchers say this suggests e-cigarettes may not be a useful tool to help a significant number of smokers quit. E-cigarettes, also known as Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems, or ENDS, “need to improve as a satisfying alternative or the attractiveness and appeal of [a] regular cigarette must be degraded to increase the potential of ENDS replacing regular cigarettes,” according to lead author Dr. Terry F. Pechacek of Georgia State University’s Tobacco Center of Regulatory Science. The study found e-cigarettes helped a small group of smokers quit regular cigarettes, HealthDay reports. The researchers included 729 current and former smokers who had tried e-cigarettes. Of these, 101 had quit all smoking, and 43 had switched from regular cigarettes to e-cigarettes. Of the 585 current smokers, 58 percent said they had tried e-cigarettes but did not use...
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Study Suggests E-Cigarette Use in Teens May Lead Them to Try Regular Cigarettes

Study Suggests E-Cigarette Use in Teens May Lead Them to Try Regular Cigarettes
A new study suggests teens who try e-cigarettes are much more likely than their peers who don’t use the devices to try regular cigarettes. Among teens who did not use regular cigarettes but had tried e-cigarettes at the start of the study, 20 percent said they smoked their first regular cigarette one year later. In contrast, only 6 percent of nonsmoking teens who had not used e-cigarettes at the beginning of the study had tried regular cigarettes a year later. “E-cigarettes had a risk-promoting effect for onset of smoking,” the University of Hawaii researchers wrote in the journal Tobacco Control . The study included more than 2,000 high school students, who were asked in 2013 and 2014 whether they used e-cigarettes or regular cigarettes. The students were also asked questions to measure a number of other factors including their rebelliousness and willingness to seek out new experiences. Among the students,...
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