The rate of mental disorders among smokers is increasing, a new study concludes. More recent smokers have the highest risk, HealthDay reports.
The study analyzed data from 25,000 people.
The researchers found that while the national smoking rate has been declining since the 1960s, the percentage of smokers who are nicotine-dependent has been increasing. The risk of substance use disorders rose among all smokers with each decade, regardless of whether they were nicotine-dependent.
Smokers who were nicotine-dependent and began smoking in the 1980s were more likely than older smokers to have disorders such as bipolar disorder, antisocial personality disorder or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorders, the researchers report in Molecular Psychiatry.
“Our study confirms that recent smokers, though a relatively smaller group than those who started smoking decades ago, are more vulnerable to psychiatric and substance use disorders,” lead author Ardesheer Talati of Columbia University Medical Center said in a university news release....
One-third of children receiving outpatient care for mental health conditions only received care from their primary care physician, a new study finds.
Only 26 percent saw a psychiatrist.
In addition, 15 percent only saw a psychologist or social worker, the Harvard Medical School researchers found. The study found 42 percent of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) saw only a primary care physician, compared with 17 percent of those with anxiety or mood disorders.
Primary care physicians prescribed medications to a higher percentage of children than did psychiatrists. The researchers found 74 percent of children seeing a primary care doctor for ADHD received medication, compared with 61 percent who saw a psychiatrist.
The findings are published in Pediatrics.
“There just aren’t enough child psychiatrists in the United States to treat every child with a mental health condition,” lead researcher Dr. Jeanne Van Cleave told HealthDay. “Given that, any efforts to improve...