Survey Results Shed Light on Substance Use Initiation Trends

Trends
Illicit drug use initiation was highest for marijuana in 2016, followed by prescription pain relievers, tranquilizers and stimulants, according to national data. A recent article in Healio.com – Psychiatric Annals referenced these findings. “Whether someone engages in substance use is associated with several risk factors that are typically correlated with an increased likelihood of substance use (eg, perception of low risk of harm from using a substance, easy availability of substances) and protective factors that are typically associated with a decreased likelihood of substance use (eg, exposure to prevention messages),” Rachel N. Lipari, PhD, of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, and colleagues wrote. To determine risk, protective factors and estimates for substance use initiation, researchers analyzed data from the 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) for individuals aged 12 years and older. More than four out of five individuals perceived great risk for harm...
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Report Finds Dramatic Increase in Proportion of Babies Born Dependent on Opioids

Report Finds Dramatic Increase in Proportion of Babies Born Dependent on Opioids
A new government report finds a dramatic increase in the proportion of babies born dependent on opioid drugs, such as heroin or prescription pain relievers. Between 2000 and 2009 the number of infants born to women who had used opioids increased nearly fivefold annually–from 1.19 to 5.63 per 1,000 hospital births. The report also found that an annual average of about 21,000 pregnant women ages 15 to 44 misused opioids in the past month, according to HealthDay. “It is critical that pregnant women of all ages have access to prevention, treatment, and recovery services that meet their specialized needs,” Deputy Assistant Secretary for Mental Health and Substance Use Kana Enomoto said in a news release. “Programs that provide pregnant women with access to opioid use disorder treatment and reproductive health services can help ensure that these future mothers and their children live healthier, happier and more productive lives.”
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