Evidence-based program Can Help Prevent Addiction Risk for Kids

Evidence-based program Can Help Prevent Addiction Risk for Kids
We all remember public anti-drug programs like D.A.R.E or “Just Say No”. Well, research shows that programs like these were largely ineffective and did little to curb drug use by children deemed to be at highest risk. A recent article in the New York Times pointed to a new anti-drug program being tested around the world. And the program, called Preventure, “recognizes how a child’s temperament drives his or her risk for drug use — and that different traits create different pathways to addiction,” according to the article. Preventure’s personality testing programs focus on four risky traits: sensation-seeking, impulsiveness, anxiety sensitivity and hopelessness. The program recognizes how a child’s temperament drives his or her risk for drug use — and that different traits create different pathways to addiction. According to the article, early trials show that personality testing can identify 90 percent of the highest risk children, targeting risky traits before...
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Alcohol, Medicines and Aging

Alcohol, Medicines and Aging
You’ve probably seen warnings on medicines about mixing them with alcohol. Doing so can cause nausea and vomiting, headaches, drowsiness, fainting, or loss of coordination. You can be at risk for internal bleeding, heart problems, and difficulty breathing. Alcohol can make a medication less effective or even useless, or it may make it harmful or toxic to your body. Stay Informed, Stay SafeKnowing what’s in your medications—and how they interact with alcohol—will help keep you safe and your medicines working effectively. Medications typically are safe and effective when used appropriately, and your pharmacist or other health care provider can help you determine which medications interact harmfully with alcohol. You should also read the label on the medication bottle to find out exactly what ingredients a medicine contains. Some medications, including many that can be purchased without a prescription, contain one or more ingredients that can react with alcohol. In particular, sedative-hypnotic...
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NIH Releases Summary of Research on Early Childhood Risk and Protective Factors

NIH Releases Summary of Research on Early Childhood Risk and Protective Factors
An online guide about interventions in early childhood that can help prevent drug use and other unhealthy behaviors was launched by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), part of the National Institutes of Health. The guide offers research-based principles that affect a child’s self-control and overall mental health, starting during pregnancy through the eighth year of life. It recognizes that while substance use generally begins during the teen years, it has known biological, psychological, social, and environmental roots that begin even before birth. "Thanks to more than three decades of research into what makes a young child able to cope with life’s inevitable stresses, we now have unique opportunities to intervene very early in life to prevent substance use disorders," said NIDA Director Nora D. Volkow, M.D. "We now know that early intervention can set the stage for more positive self-regulation as children prepare for their school years." Principles of...
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Rate of Mental Disorders Among Smokers is Rising

Rate of Mental Disorders Among Smokers is Rising
The rate of mental disorders among smokers is increasing, a new study concludes. More recent smokers have the highest risk, HealthDay reports. The study analyzed data from 25,000 people. The researchers found that while the national smoking rate has been declining since the 1960s, the percentage of smokers who are nicotine-dependent has been increasing. The risk of substance use disorders rose among all smokers with each decade, regardless of whether they were nicotine-dependent. Smokers who were nicotine-dependent and began smoking in the 1980s were more likely than older smokers to have disorders such as bipolar disorder, antisocial personality disorder or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorders, the researchers report in Molecular Psychiatry. “Our study confirms that recent smokers, though a relatively smaller group than those who started smoking decades ago, are more vulnerable to psychiatric and substance use disorders,” lead author Ardesheer Talati of Columbia University Medical Center said in a university news release....
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