College Students’ Drinking Drops in the Summer, Spikes During Fall and Spring Break

College Students’ Drinking Drops in the Summer, Spikes During Fall and Spring Break
College students’ drinking drops during the summer, but spikes during the return to school in the fall semester, and during spring break, a new study shows. Researchers at the University of California, San Diego studied alcohol consumption among 462 college freshmen eight times over the course of a year. They looked at associations between drinking and events such as campus festivals, the beginning and end of the semester, and school breaks. They found a 29 percent drop in drinking during the summer, when most students are not on campus, Medical Daily reports. When they returned to campus in the fall, their drinking increased 31 percent. Alcohol consumption jumped by 18 percent around spring break, up until an on-campus festival. The findings appear in the journal Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, about four out of five college students drink alcohol. About half...
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Naloxone Offered Free to High Schools Around the Country

Naloxone Offered Free to High Schools Around the Country
The opioid overdose antidote naloxone is being offered free to high schools around the country by the drugmaker Adapt Pharma, according to U.S. News & World Report. Naloxone, sold under the brand name Narcan, quickly reverses overdoses from heroin and prescription painkillers. Naloxone will be offered in nasal spray form to high schools through state departments of education. The Clinton Foundation’s Health Matters Initiative is collaborating on the project. Many states do not have rules that would permit high school staff to administer naloxone in an emergency without facing liability from parents or guardians, the article notes. There are significant variations in state and local rules about whether staff is allowed to administer medication to students. In some school districts, medication can only be administered by school nurses, who often work at more than one school. The National Association of School Nurses (NASN) in June said that “incorporating use of naloxone...
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Smokeless Tobacco Linked to Higher Levels of Harmful Compounds Than Cigarettes

Smokeless Tobacco Linked to Higher Levels of Harmful Compounds Than Cigarettes
People who use smokeless tobacco products have higher levels of nicotine concentrations in their systems, as well as more tobacco compounds linked to increased cancer risk, compared with cigarettes smokers, a new study finds. The study of almost 24,000 adults is published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. It was conducted by researchers from the Food and Drug Administration and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, according to Time. The study found adults who used only smokeless tobacco, such as snus or chewing tobacco, had higher levels of tobacco-specific nitrosamines, which are compounds associated with an increased risk of cancer. Study participants provided urine or blood samples for measurement from 1999 to 2012, the article notes. “Our results have shown that smokeless tobacco users have high levels of known harmful and addictive constituents and that in some cases these levels are higher than those observed among cigarette smokers. This finding...
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