Light Hookah Smokers Have Changes in Airway Cells

Light Hookah Smokers Have Changes in Airway Cells
Even light hookah smoking can cause changes in airway cells, a new study suggests. “With hookah, smoking a bowl is the equivalent of smoking a pack of cigarettes,” study leader Dr. Ronald Crystal, chairman of the Department of Genetic Medicine at Weill Cornell Medicine in New York, told HealthDay . “When you talk to the hookah smokers, however, there’s a general belief that it is safer than cigarette smoking. We looked at the airways, lower respiratory tract, and in the blood vessels and found biologic abnormalities in all of those who smoked hookah,” he said. The study included 21 young adults who had used hookah for fewer than five years, and smoked about three bowls a week. They were compared with 19 peers who were not hookah smokers. The researchers examined cell samples from participants’ airways. They found hookah smokers had changes in the cells lining the lungs. They also...
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Rate of Mental Disorders Among Smokers is Rising

Rate of Mental Disorders Among Smokers is Rising
The rate of mental disorders among smokers is increasing, a new study concludes. More recent smokers have the highest risk, HealthDay reports. The study analyzed data from 25,000 people. The researchers found that while the national smoking rate has been declining since the 1960s, the percentage of smokers who are nicotine-dependent has been increasing. The risk of substance use disorders rose among all smokers with each decade, regardless of whether they were nicotine-dependent. Smokers who were nicotine-dependent and began smoking in the 1980s were more likely than older smokers to have disorders such as bipolar disorder, antisocial personality disorder or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorders, the researchers report in Molecular Psychiatry . “Our study confirms that recent smokers, though a relatively smaller group than those who started smoking decades ago, are more vulnerable to psychiatric and substance use disorders,” lead author Ardesheer Talati of Columbia University Medical Center said in a university...
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Hookah Use Growing, But Many Questions Remain

Hookah Use Growing, But Many Questions Remain
Hookah smoking is growing increasingly popular among teens and young adults, but there are many questions still unanswered about its safety, according to an expert who is studying the issue. These questions include long-term effects of hookah smoking, the potential health effects for the many users who only smoke hookah a couple of times a month, and whether hookah users are more likely to switch to cigarettes, according to Scott E. Sherman, MD, MPH, Associate Professor in the Department of Population Health at the NYU Langone School of Medicine. He talked about hookah smoking as part of the CASAColumbia Addiction Speaker Series , featuring leading experts in the addiction and substance abuse field. “If hookah smoking leads to regular smoking then we have a really serious problem on our hands,” he said. Dr. Sherman plans to study that question in a long-term study of students at the City University of...
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Almost Half of all Video Games Feature Smoking

Almost Half of all Video Games Feature Smoking
A study of more than 100 video games finds 42 percent feature characters smoking cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars and other products, or make references to those products. Experts tell CNN they are concerned young people who play the games may be influenced to start smoking. The study by researchers at the University of California San Francisco included 118 games released between 1994 and 2015 that were rated by the Entertainment Software Ratings Board, which makes age recommendations for video games. The findings were published in the journal Tobacco Control . Previous studies have found that teens ages 12 to 17 who see the greatest amount of smoking in movies are about twice as likely to begin smoking, compared with their peers with the least exposure to smoking in movies. Much less is known about the effect of tobacco references in video games, the article notes. Robin Koval, Chief Executive Officer and...
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CDC: Almost 13 Percent of U.S. Adults Have Tried E-Cigarettes

CDC: Almost 13 Percent of U.S. Adults Have Tried E-Cigarettes
A new government study finds that almost 13 percent of U.S. adults have tried e-cigarettes, the Los Angeles Times reports. Almost 4 percent of adults use the devices on a regular basis. In contrast, 15.2 percent of American adults smoke traditional cigarettes, researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found. The new figures offer the first comprehensive picture of e-cigarette use among U.S. adults, the CDC researchers said. E-cigarette use among teens tripled from 2013 to 2014, according to a government report released in April. An estimated 13 percent of high school students used e-cigarettes last year—compared with 9 percent who smoked traditional cigarettes. The new study found that among adults, e-cigarettes are more widely used among current and recent former smokers, compared with nonsmokers and people who smoked long ago. Almost half of current smokers said they had tried an e-cigarette, and 16 percent continued to...
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Exposure to Secondhand Smoke May Affect Kids’ Teeth

Exposure to Secondhand Smoke May Affect Kids’ Teeth
In a study published in The BMJ , researchers found that exposure to secondhand smoke as an infant as young as 4 months is associated with increased risk of tooth decay at age 3, according to Medical News Today . Preventing tooth decay in young children tends to focus on restricting sugar, supplementing with oral fluoride and fluoride varnish. However, studies suggest that secondhand smoke plays a part in the development of cavities, which can result from a number of factors that include physical, biological, and environmental and lifestyle. A big part of oral health is the acquisition of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans), that produce acids from the sugar one consumes, dissolving the hard enamel coating on teeth. The age of highest risk for these bacteria is at 19-31 months. Looking at smoking during pregnancy and exposure to household smoke in infants at 4 months of age as risk factors,...
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Teens Are Smoking Less, Using Pot More

Teens Are Smoking Less, Using Pot More
American teens are smoking less, as much as a 64 percent drop in recent years, but a new study by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) shows that teen use of pot has doubled, according to HealthDay . Vince Wilmore, vice president for communications at Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, commented, “The nation’s remarkable progress in reducing youth smoking since 1997 is great news, but the battle is far from over.” Tracking smoking rates from 1997 to 2013, the report, published in the CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, shows that nearly a third of white, black and Hispanic teens smoked cigarettes, cigars or marijuana in 2013. Wilmore continued, “This study reminds us that we know exactly what to do to further reduce smoking: increase tobacco taxes, enact smoke-free laws, fund effective prevention programs and implement hard-hitting mass media campaigns. These proven strategies must be continued and strengthened.”...
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Facing Addiction and The National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (NCADD) are proud to announce the merger of our organizations – creating a national leader in turning the tide on the addiction epidemic.
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